No authority requirement
|Appeal Judgement - 21.05.2007||
189. […] For an accused to be convicted of abetting an offence, it is not necessary to prove that he had authority over the principal perpetrator.
190. […] In the Semanza Appeal Judgement, the Appeals Chamber reached a similar conclusion in respect of an “influential” accused who encouraged the rape of Tutsi women by giving “permission” to rape them. […]
 Cf. Semanza Appeal Judgement, para. 257 (referring to instigation).
 Semanza Appeal Judgement, paras. 256, 257, quoting Semanza Trial Judgement, para. 478.
|ICTR Statute Article 6(1) ICTY Statute Article 7(1)|